Minimally Invasive Scoliosis Surgery
Minimally invasive scoliosis surgery is a recent advance in scoliosis surgery. It is not applicable to every scoliosis patient but for those patients who meet the criteria, it can be a highly attractive option.
Instead of leaving a vertical scar down the back or horizontal scar from the middle of the chest to the center of the back, the surgery is performed through a series of small incisions on the side of the body. The spine is not exposed during surgery.
Minimally invasive scoliosis surgery uses an endoscope – a thin telescope-like instrument with a miniature video camera and light at its tip – to guide the procedure via high-definition monitors in the operating room. The endoscope is inserted into the chest cavity through a series of small incisions (less than 2 cm).
Small hollow tubes are then inserted through the incisions. Special surgical instruments are then passed through the incisions and tubes to perform the fusion surgery necessary to correct the scoliosis. The surgery is often performed in conjunction with advanced fluoroscopy (x-ray imaging during surgery).
Minimally invasive spine surgery offers several advantages over open or traditional scoliosis surgery. The benefits include:
- Less visible scarring
- Reduced muscle damage
- Less blood loss during surgery
- Reduced risk of infection
- Reduced postoperative pain
- A shorter hospital stay
- Quicker overall recovery time
- Less mobility loss
Recovery and Outcome
While walking can occur within 48 hours of surgery, the decision is left to the patient. After being discharged from the hospital, the patient will typically wear a back brace for the first three months. After nine months to a year, most patients find themselves able to resume all normal activity.
The best way to determine whether a patient suffering from scoliosis might be a candidate for the minimally invasive option is simply to call 214.750.3646 and set up an appointment for a complete evaluation.